“This is the paramedic, we’re driving in with a 4-month old. Mother found it in the crib, not breathing. CPR underway.”
As an ER doctor, there are few calls that you dread more, few that make you feel as sick to your stomach, that just make you stop.
As a mom, few thoughts are scarier than SIDS. While SIDS rates had declined in the 1990s, the rates have plateaued in the last decade, causing about 3,500 infant deaths a year. That’s why the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) just released new guidelines on SIDS prevention.
Are you putting your baby at risk? Here are the risk factors:
While some the SIDS-related death have no apparent cause, over 95 percent of them are associated with one or more risk factors. Many of these risk factors are preventable:
- Smoking during pregnancy.
- Age of mother under 20 years.
- Late or no prenatal care.
- Preterm birth or low birth weight.
- Putting baby to sleep on his or her stomach.
- Placing baby on a soft surface or with bedding, pillows or toys. According to a recent study, up to 91 percent of parents put their child to sleep in dangerous settings.
- Sharing a bed with parents.
If you have a baby under the age of one (or are about to have a baby, in which case, congratulations!), please take these preventative measures:
- Back to sleep: You and I slept on our stomachs—and the rate of SIDS was double that of today. In the 1990s, guidelines changed to putting babies to sleep on their backs, rather than their stomachs or sides, which increase the risk of SIDS. “Back to sleep” cuts the risk of SIDS by more than 50 percent, so make sure that you’re taking this very easy step, every single time.
- Co-room, don’t co-sleep: The American Academy of Pediatrics just released new guidelines, advocating that having baby sleep in your room reduces her risk of SIDS, as long as she’s sleeping in an appropriate area, and NOT in your bed. You want baby in your room because it reduces the risk of SIDS by up to 80 percent, but not in your bed—that can double to quadruple the risk of SIDS. The safest option? Place a Consumer Product Safety Commission-approved bassinet by your bed, where baby is within arm’s reach, but safely out of harm.
- Remove everything from baby’s sleep area: Do you know what I call those “cute” baby bumpers (even the supposedly “safe” ones have been associated with 48 infant deaths from 2006 to 20012), “infant wedge sleep positioners,” and other pillows or blankets placed in an infant’s crib? Baby traps, plain and simple. Unless there’s an item your pediatrician explicitly says you must have in the crib, get it out. Manufacturers selling these are taking advantage of parents’ fears and countering the guidance from the AAP.
- Use a wearable blanket and swaddle only up to a certain age: Wearable blankets are safer than loose blankets in the crib. If you’re swaddling your infant, make sure to only place him on his back. As soon as baby shows any signs of attempting to roll, ditch the swaddle, which can become a potential risk factor once baby is more mobile. I was a big fan of wearable blankets that could be used as a swaddler or a blanket. As soon as my daughter started to roll, we freed her arms and allowed her to wear the blanket.
- Consider a pacifier: If your baby likes the soothing effect of a pacifier at bedtime, go ahead. We don’t fully know why, but research has shown that pacifiers at sleep time can reduce the risk of SIDS. Be sure to not use a pacifier “leash.”
- Breastfeed: Nursing for six months lowers your risk of SIDS, among its other benefits. Many moms can do this, but for a variety of medical reasons, some moms can’t. So, remember that the more exclusively you can breastfeed the better. Even if you can’t make it six months, a little bit is better than none!
- Don’t smoke! Smoke exposure during pregnancy and after birth are both major risk factors for SIDS, particularly when baby bed-shares with an adult smoker—even if that person doesn’t smoke in bed.
Got questions about SIDS and the new AAP guidelines? Want to stay up to date? Follow me @DrDarria, or @Dr. Darria Long Gillespie at Facebook. Be sure to follow @SharecareInc for the latest on all things health and wellness!