Today’s Headlines: The Risk of Death After Surgery, Training to Help Maintain Your Balance, and the Fruits You Should Be Eating For Weight Loss

Surgery patients who are frailer have an increased risk of death post-procedure. A recent study reported that frail people aged 65 and older were were most likely to have complications after surgery. “About 3 percent of the 200,000 patients who underwent surgery were frail, based on the diagnoses indicator. These patients were an average age of 77 while nonfrail patients were on average 74. Frail patients more often had high blood pressure and had been hospitalized in the previous year. Within a year of surgery, almost 14 percent of frail patients had died, compared to only about five percent of others.” Researchers in the study urged hospitals to create specific recovery areas to care for frail patients after surgery to reduce deaths in the future. (Reuters)

Small exercises could help decrease the amount of times older people fall. Researchers analyzed a few studies and discovered that step training exercises can potentially decrease the risk of falling by 50 percent. “For fall prevention, elderly people may benefit from exercises designed to help maintain balance during everyday activities like getting out of a chair or avoiding obstacles on a sidewalk…In addition to cutting the rate of falls, step training also helped cut the proportion of fallers across the studies roughly in half…” Walking-based exercises were reported to be the most effective for avoiding falls. (Fox)

Fruits and vegetables high in flavonoids may help stop weight gain. After 24 years of research, a recent study revealed that the makeup of flavonoid-rich foods could assist in maintaining a person’s weight. “The ones that had a biggest impact were anthocyanins, found in dark red foods like blueberries, cherries, grapes and strawberries, and flavonoid polymers, found in tea and apples…Every extra daily standard deviation—a unit that varied by produce type—of flavonoids was associated with 0.16 to 0.23 pounds less weight gained over four years. That might sound small, but in the study, one serving of a fruit often provided more than one standard deviation of a class of flavonoids.” The authors of the study encouraged more flavonoid-filled fruit and vegetable consumption to combat obesity in America. (Time)